A+ A A-

Russian Culture. Топик по английскому

Тема: Русская культура

Russia is a country with long-standing cultural traditions dating back to the pagan times. It is the homeland of many world-famous artists, writers, poets, architects, sculptors, musicians and dancers. Russian contribution to the world culture is hard to overestimate.

Russia is famous for its icon painting, which it inherited from Byzantium. The art of icon painting started in Russia in the 8th and 9th centuries. But only in the 14th century icon painting in Russia took on a much greater degree of personal expression. The most famous figure in this change was Andrey Rublyov, whose works can be viewed in both the Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow and the Russian Museum in St. Petersburg.

Russia is proud of its famous artists, whose pictures one can see in different picture galleries. They are Levitan, Repin, Surikov, Serov, Vasnetsov and a lot of others, who lived in the past and who are working nowadays.

Russia is proud of its writers and poets. Alexander Pushkin is one of them. He created a new linguistic synthesis that is still in use. In his later years he moved towards the realism that dominated in the 19th-century literature.

The poet and novelist Mikhail Lermontov succeeded Aklexander Pushkin. His descriptions, in both lyric and narrative poems are unique for their power and depth.

The novelist and philosopher, Leo Tolstoy was a man of wide interests. And in his novels he tried to discover truth about the nature of human existence and human behaviour.

There are many other prominent writers and poets, and one of them is Fyodor Dostoyevsky. He tried to find out the nature in extremes of human behaviour, such as crime and rebellion.

Anton Chekhov tried to understand the particular circumstances of common human lives. He describes his characters with irony, pity or disgust.

The poet and novelist Ivan Bunin, was the first Russian writer to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature (1933). He worked primarily in short prose form.

Russia is proud of its famous musicians and composers. There are many outstanding Russian composers who wrote classical music, such as A Schnitke, A Skryabin, S. Prokofiev, D. Shostakovich, S. Rachmaninov, P. Tchaikovsky, A. Borodin, I. Stravinsky and many others. There is a tendency to speak about classical music with particular reference to the music of the past to the 19 th century. However, the term also includes music being written now, and we may speak of modern classical music.

Russia is proud of its ballet, which is one of the famous in the world.

There is still a lot to say about Russian culture, as this theme is inexhaustible when we speak about Russia. Russia's cultural heritage is enormous and priceless indeed. And Russian people keep it up and are very proud of it.

 

загрузка...
  • Топики по английскому языку

    • A Short History of Hair. Топик по английскому

      Over thousands of years some very odd things have been done to hair. Here are some of them. It's strange to think of tough soldiers having their hair curled, but that's what the Persians did over 2000 years ago. The curls were made by twisting the hair round hot rods. Their thick beards and moustaches were curled too. In about 1150, during the Norman period, women grew hair as long as they...

    • American Climate. Топик по английскому

      Тема: Американский климат The climate of the US is temperate, with four distinct seasons. The USA is a very large country, so it has several different climate zones. The coldest regions are in the north and northeast, where a lot of snow falls in winter. The climate of Alaska is arctic. All along the western coast, the temperature changes little between winter and summer months, while in the...

    • American English. Топик по английскому

      American English is one of the ways of speaking English. In the formation of American English the English-speaking colonists were brought into contact with different peoples who spoke different languages. Many words, derived from these languages, were added to the 17th-century form of English. First in importance come the words derived from the speech of various Indian tribes. This was caused by...

    • American Food. Топик по английскому

      Тема: Американская Еда When we speak about American food, we always imagine hamburgers and hot dogs, fried chicken and giant steaks. But in fact Americans eat every kind of food imaginable, even spaghetti and pizza. The expression "as American as apple pie" means something that is typically American, but even apple pie came from somewhere else. The only true American foods are those that the...

    • American Government. Топик по английскому

      Тема: Американское правительство The United States is a representative democracy. All government power rests ultimately with the people who direct policies by voting for government representatives. The nation's Constitution defines the powers of national and state governments, the functions and framework of each branch of government, and the rights of individual citizens. The principle of...

    • American Holidays. Топик по английскому

      Тема: Американские праздники The population in the USA is made up of people of different nationalities. Centuries ago they brought with them their native celebrations. Only some holidays, which are marked in the United States, were originated in America. One of the greatest holidays is Independence Day. On July 4, 1776, the Declaration of Independence was signed. It proclaimed independence of the...

    • American People. Топик по английскому

      Тема: Американский народ America is a friendly country. People easily start talking with each other. When Americans meet people for the first time, they usually shake hands. When they meet friends or relatives they haven't seen for a long time, they usually kiss them. You can easily spot Americans abroad by their confident manners which come from their sense of individual freedom — their first...

    • American Political System. Топик по английскому

      Тема: Американская политическая система After the colonies in America had won the War for Independence, they became free and independent states, but they had a problem: they needed one strong national government. That's why in the year 1787 all the states sent their representatives to Philadelphia where they wrote the Constitution. The Constitution is the highest law in the United States which...

    • American Shopping Habits. Топик по английскому

      Shopping is the favorite pastime of many Americans. They usually go to big shopping centers called malls that have a variety of boutiques, department stores and restaurants. Chain stores like J.C. Penney or The Gap are also found in malls. Everything is indoors, so you can walk from store to store without worrying about traffic or bad weather. Malls are air- conditioned in the summer and heated in...

    • American System of Education. Топик по английскому

      Тема: Американская система образования Americans have always believed in education but in a special American way. The schools' first job was to turn millions of foreign children into Americans. Since they came from dozens of different countries, this was not easy. Schools had to teach the children to speak English, to love their new country and to learn how to live in it. American schools were...